Iceland is a volcanic island located in the North Atlantic Ocean, 300 km east of Greenland and 900 km west of Norway. There are many long, deep fjords and glaciers, including Europe’s largest, Vatnajökull. Iceland Demographics. The island owes its existence to a large volcanic fissure in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the Eurasian and American tectonic plates meet. The Phallological Museum is one of the nation’s most unusual attractions. 72. Actually it’s quite the opposite. Iceland has a long coastline with many fjords and bays. It is illegal to own a pet lizard, snake or turtle in Iceland. Iceland, officially called the Republic of Iceland, is an island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean just south of the Arctic Circle. Iceland is one of the youngest landmasses on the planet, and consequently home to some of the world’s most active volcanoes. It is located just south of the Arctic Circle about 180 miles (290 kilometers) southeast of Greenland, 620 miles (1,000 kilometers) west of Norway, and 500 miles (800 kilometers) northwest of Scotland. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. and over 11 percent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe. Iceland is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, located near the Arctic Circle, between Greenland and Norway. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. As a result, Iceland is prone to volcanic eruptions and features the aforementioned geologic features such as hot springs and geysers. Iceland is about 1000 km away from the European mainland and about 300 km from the coast of Greenland. Mutton, chicken, pork, beef, dairy products, and fishing also contribute considerably to the economy. Almost 80% of the country is uninhabited, and much of its terrain consists of plateaux, mountain peaks, and fertile lowlands. The weather can be very unpredictable and often changes in an instant. Below are some general info such as total population, land area, biggest lake, highest mountain and other general facts about Iceland that might be interesting to know. Iceland is the second largest island in Europe - after Great Britain. To begin introducing Iceland for kids, you must first point out that it is one of the northernmost populated places on earth. Germany then occupied Denmark during World War II and in 1940, communications between Iceland and Denmark ended and Iceland attempted to independently control all of its lands. The assembly was called the Althingi. The Norse were the main migrants to move to the island, and in 930 CE, Iceland's governing body created a constitution and an assembly. Follow us on the following social networks and websites. Iceland has a varied topography but it is one of the most volcanic regions in the world. Most of Iceland's agriculture is practiced along the coast. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. 21. The island of Iceland is a volcanic island. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court called Haestirettur, which has justices who are appointed for life, and eight district courts for each of the country's eight administrative divisions. The ash from the eruption caused disruptions all over the world. In the year 930 AD, … In May 1940 though, British forces entered Iceland and in 1941, the United States entered the island and took over defensive powers. Beer was banned in Iceland for most of the 20th century. Iceland, island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Iceland, like the United States, enacted a … Iceland is located in the north of the Atlantic Ocean, south of Greenland and between Norway and the British Isles. A brief numerical overview of Iceland. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Iceland. Physical Geography. 74. It was established in 870 C.E. Iceland is a volcanic island with several active volcanoes.. People live along a narrow coastal belt, valleys and the lowland plains in the south and southwest. 73. We have no Standing Army. A large part of Iceland is covered with glaciers and snowfields and most of the country's inhabitants live in the coastal areas because those are the most fertile regions on the island. The island’s location makes it geologically very young and active. When Norway and Denmark created a union in the 14th century, Iceland became a part of Denmark. There are also many small islands around. Icelandic Authors on Icelandic Literature, Iceland Dream List - Ian Harper and Henry Nathan, Iceland Dream List - Eliza Reid, First Lady of Iceland, It's about time to be Inspired by Iceland. 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